Wednesday, August 4, 2010

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2 or Diabetes type 2  is the most common form of Diabetes. In this type, the body do not produce the enough amount of insuline or creates a resistance to it. In short term, this can affect the energy levels that the body process. In long term, this diseases can cause complications in internal organs and affect our daily activities. 

People with Diabetes type 2 can suffer of Hyper or Hypoglycemia as well. 

Diabetes type 2 is correlated to genetics, and also to wrong habits in the lifestyle as sedentarism and diet. 

It is important to look for medical help. It is recommendable to visit the doctor every year to have a check-up about sugar levels in the blood and with more reasons if you:
1. Are over 45 years
2. Under 45 years and you are:
    -Obese; 
    - Relatives with history of diabetes, 
     -Diabetes during pregnancy,         
     -Highblood pressure, high cholesterol and triglycerides; 
     - Previous history of unbalanced levels of glucose in blood.

Diabetes 1

The Diabetes 1 or  Juvenile diabetes is developed in kids, teenagers and young adults as consequence of a insuficient production of Insulin in the body. People who suffer Diabetes type I, might suffer of hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia and in extreme circumstances of Cetoacidosis.

Hypoglucemia is the low levels of sugar in the blood, which is a common factor in people who presents diabetes. Symptoms are shaking body, diziness, sweating, headaches, palid, sudden changes in humor.

Hyperglucemia means that an individual will have high levels of sugar in the blood, reason why it has to be controlled. Some symptoms are thirtyness, patient feels more hungry, acelerated breathing, nausea, vomit, blurry vision and mouth dryness.

Ketoacidosis is the accumulation of Ketons in the blood. Usually affects people with Diabetes type I, and not often in people with Diabetes type 2. The symptoms are excesive urine, excesive sensation to drink liquids, acelerated breating, nausea, tiredness and disoriented sensations.

CAUSES

The Diabetes type I, the cells are attacked and destroyed by  the body which mistake those cells as enemies and destroy them. And those cells are the ones that supposed to produce insuline ( known as Beta-Cells and which cells are produce in the pancreas). When the body do not have enough insuline the body cannot perform the metabolism of  Carbs, fats and proteins.

The Diabetes type I have a genetic factors, but can be developed in individuals that had viral infections and stress.

Long Term problems

The diabetes type I can cause problems to the body in long term developing visual problems, feet, kidneys, teeth, cardiovascular system and nerve system.

The treatment for the Diabetes type I must be follow carefully by the person. Includes to follow a control diet to keep the glusose levels normal; as well insuline administration, transplants that will help to keep the balance.

It is important to know that Diabetes type I do not have a cure, but with treatment can be controlled and people can have a good life, and slow down the negative long term effects of the disease and death.

Friday, July 30, 2010

symptoms of onset diabetes

The symptoms of onset diabetes or Pre-diabetes can be noticed through blood test. It means that the sugar level in the blood are over the normal limits, but not high enough that will develop diabetes. It is common in people that will develop Diabetes Type II.

The causes of Prediabetes are related to the genetic risk in people with family history of Diabetes. It is close related to the lifestyle as diet and non-active life.

Treatment
It is simple just change the bad diet habits and practice physical exercise continuosly, because the levels of sugar are not high enough to be treated with medication.

It is necessary to visit your doctor and get checked to keep track of the changes of the levels of sugar, as well complications.  

Thursday, July 29, 2010

Plantar pain

Some of the times we can feel plantar pain. In some cases this is a problem originated in the base of the foot, a problem called Plantar Fasciitis, and as the name describes is the irritation of the inserted tissue into the calcaneus bone (Talus) known as plantar fascia; this tissue supports the arch foot and when the insertion of this tissue gets inflammed, a chronic condition can be developed that producing pain and disability to continue with the daily activities. This syndrome known as Plantar Fascialitis is one of the most common causes of foot pain.

The Symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis.- The primary symptoms of plantar fascitis is pain in the area that supports the body weight on the foot, in the heel. Usually is more painful during the morning, after waking up, decreases during the day due to the distention of the fascia tissue and reappears after a resting period. It is not common to see inflammation or redness on the skin. But it is a common problem that appears mostly in athletes, amateurs, people suffering with overweight, high-arch foot anatomy or flat foot and mostly women with long and narrow feet.

The plantar fascia is a tense, thick, fiber-tissue located in the base of the foot and it is inserted or connected to the calcaneus bone (heel) and from there the tissue stretches to reach the base of the toes. Due body overweight, the plantar fascia can be affected causing tears in the posterior insertion (in the calcaneus bone) and the tissue swells including the surrounding tissue.

Treatment.- The best advice to control the plantar fasciitis is to rest. When the pain starts, it is recommendable to decrease the activities and the exercise.

It is helpful use ice. Massage with ice two times per day or at least once a day. As a tip, use a bottle of water and freeze it. Later roll it on the plantar fascia for 20 minutes, massage and stretch as well.

The use of arch support is helpful when the person places cushion under the foot arch. This support is indicated for people with flat foot or pronation.

Shoes with soft and wide heels provide comfort and protection. Running shoes are recommended as well.

Pain killers can help to decrease the pain and inflammation. In advanced cases, corticosteroid injections are effective as well local anesthesia. A doctor must administrate this medication.

Surgery is an option after 6 or 12 months of treatment. The procedure parcially liberates the plantar fascia. The recovery time might be slow and some of the times, it do not provide a total cure and carries complications as well.

But before undergo surgery people experiencing plantar pain can do exercises to stretch the plantar fascia, the Achilles tendon and the calf muscle are very helpful. Some stretches easy to do are:





Towel exercise.- Put a cloth or towel on the floor. Site the foot over the towel and grab the towel with the toes and bring the towel closer to your body. Repeat 10 times and rest.




Table Stretch.- Stand holding the edge of a table with the hands. With one knee, do a light flexion and the other leg should be straight. Balance your weight to the flexed leg and feel the stretch on the other leg. Hold for 10 seconds, and now in the stretched leg, start to do a flexion until you feel your calf is tense, holding the weight. Keep for other 10 seconds.





With the plantar fascia of the painful foot, rub the calf of the other leg with up and down motion. This exercise will help as well to relax the plantar fascia with the heat produced as stretches the calf.

Wednesday, July 28, 2010

Symptoms of gonorrhea

This is one of the STDs caused by the bacteria Neisseria Gonorrhoeae, and it is an infection that everybody can get due sexual contact with a infected person.

The spead of this infection occurs during sexual intercourse, mother to baby or indirectle when wearing underwear of an infected person.

The bacteria attacks the sexual organs and the spine, the rectum, pharinx and eyes.

The diseases affects women and men differently, the symptoms of gonorrhea will be enumerated:

In women can be asymptomatic, meaning women will not notice any chance, but sometimes there is some signs like vaginal discharge, dysuria (pain when urinating) as well an increase sensation to pee. With the development of the disease, the bacteria can move up to the fallopian tubes and cause pain in the lower abdomen, as well nausea and all symptoms of an infection as fever, discomfort.

The consequences in women to carry this infection and not treat it are permanent damage to reproductive organs, infertility, can cause blindness in a baby, skin diseases and arthritis, urinary infections, conjuntivitis.

In men gonorrhae can show up as white discharge from the urethra, can be transparent, or thick and white in the tip of the penis. Pain during miccion (urinating), burning in the urethra and pain in testicles. In men this bacteria causes Prostatitis and as consequence of untreated gonorrhae is Infertility and infections as well as conjuntivitis, arthritis, sking problems.

The treatment for Gonorrhae includes the use of antibiotics as:

Amoxicillin 2 g plus probenecid 1 g orally
Ampicillin 2 to 3 g plus probenecid 1 g orally
Azithromycin 2 g orally
Cefixime 400 mg orally[9]
Cefotaxime 500 mg by intramuscular injection
Cefoxitin 2 g by intramuscular injection, plus probenecid 1 g orally
Cefpodoxime (Vantin) 400 mg orally
Ceftriaxone (Rocephin) 125 to 250 mg by intramuscular injection
Ciprofloxacin 500 mg orally
Levofloxacin 250 mg orally
Ofloxacin 400 mg orally
Spectinomycin 2 g by intramuscular injection

Monday, July 26, 2010

Causes of cervix cancer

The risk to develop cervix cancer is five times higher in women that do not go under medical tests as the pap smear and colposcopy. In the world, a woman dies every two minutes cause this disease.

The causes of cervix cancer are in reality correlated to the previous development of HPV. This Virus is related to the developing of cervical cancer. And what is HPV? HPV is a virus that is considered a STD (Sexual Transmitted Diseases). The rate of women that will suffer of this disease once in their life is about 80%. There are a hundred of HPV types, but some of them are dangerous to get. We are talking about the ones that can develop cervical cancer and the types are 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 66, 68, and 73. These high-risk types of HPV cause growths on the cervix that are usually flat and nearly invisible, as compared with the external warts caused by low-risk types HPV–6 and HPV–11. HPV types 16 and 18 together cause about 70 percent of cervical cancers. It is important to note, however, that the great majority of high-risk HPV infections go away on their own and do not cause cancer

The HPV is a virus transmitted by sexual contact, skin contact with a infected person, and the penetration is not necessary to get the virus. It is also known that many of the HPV kinds will be washed from the body, because the immune system mechanism of defense, but we have to take a closer look in case we got the cancer-cause kind. Our duty with our bodies is to be checked every year, and keep a closer look to our health.

It is important to say that now, there are vaccines against some of the Cancer types of HPV. The vaccines are design to be use by teen girls and women under 26 years of age. Visit your doctor to obtain more information about it and get vaccinated.

Try to visit your Ginecologist once per year and do the tests.

Thursday, July 22, 2010

an enemy of cancer patients: Neutropenia

The patients with any kind of cancer whom are being under any kind of anti-cancer treatment are exposed to diverse secondary effects, due the constant attack to the cells, healthy cells ans damaged cells.

The patients are constantly under risk to develop a disease known as neutropenia and generally is an infection caused by the chemotherapy and other treatments.

The neutropenia is described as the severe decrement of neutrophils, cells that helps to fight the infections. This is the reason why patients under cancer treatment, are susceptible to catch any disease easily, and even flu or a cold can put their life in risk.

If the patients keep a good hygiene and keeps washing hands, avoid exposition to the regular environment and the contact with contaminated people with common infections and finally avoid small cuts or wounds on the skin, they will decrease the chances of future infection that can compromise their immune system.

Wednesday, July 21, 2010

Thyroid symptoms

The thyroids are two important glands located in the anterior part of the neck, under the larynx responsible to secrete the hormones that control the metabolism of the body. The hormones that are produce by the Thyroxine (T4) or Triiodothyronin(T3).

The secretion of those glands are controlled by the pituitary gland, or hypophysis and the hypothalamus that are based in the brain.

Any problem with the thyroid glands can be caused either to the defects of the own gland or the ones related to the hypophysis or hypothalamus.

The most common affection of the thyroid glands is the Hypothyroidism. The Hypothyroidism is characterized by the under activity in the production of enough hormones to keep the normal body function.

The Hypothyroidism can cause the dysfunction of the normal body activity causing mentally and physically tiredness. The symptoms can be light or severe or the most dangerous called Myxedema, when the body falls in a coma related to the dysfunction of the metabolism in the body.

Other causes of Hypothyroidism are genetics, surgical remotion of the thyroid gland, inflammation of the thyroid glands.

When the body start to work slowly due the low levels of the hormones T4 and T3, people feel more cold and feel fatigue very easily. The skin becomes drier than before and people forget things, depression starts and some individuals can have problems at the moment to defecate (hard stool, soft stool).

To know if an individual has this deficiency, is through a Blood Test: Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) and measures the amount of T3, T4 and THS and combine the results to give a diagnosis of Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism or normality in the levels of the hormones.

This disease do not have a cure. But there are many ways to treat it as the use is hormones to complement the hormone levels that the body needs to work efficiently without suffering of the symptoms, through hormone replacement therapies.

breast cancer

Breast Cancer is the result of the overproduction of cells of the mammary glands, noticeable with the touch due to lumps, but sometimes not noticeable.

The breast has fat, connective tissue and gland tissue that forms the glands responsible to produce the milk and the conductive tubes to bring that milk to the nipples. The mammary tissue is connected with a group of lymphatic nodes in the armpit, so when the breast cancer is developing, it can be diagnosed because the cancer spreads through the lymphatic system to all the body, and primarily to those lymphatic nodes.

There are risk factors to develop this disease and are the following:

1.- Gender.- Mainly, this type of cancer occurs to women. But there are few cases where men are being involved but a reduced number.

2.- Age.- The risk increases with the aging. A less percentage of cases have been developed in women under 50 years. But the risk increases above 50.

3.- Genetic factor.- This is the main important factor, if in the family there have been cases of breast cancer, the possibilities increase, because the mutation of the genes is transmissible from the parents to the child.

4.- Personal factor.- Means that if an individual already experienced the disease, there are more chances to gain it back. The risk of developing cancer again, increases 3 to 4 times if the person previously suffered the disease.

5.- Menstruation.- The risk increases if the menstruation appeared before of 12 years and the menopause appears after the 50 years in women.

6.- Anti-conceptive pills.- Women that regularly take anti-conceptive pills increase the risk to develop breast cancer, due to the external hormones that are being introduce to the body through the years.

7.- Lifestyle.- It is being found a correlation between breast cancer and the consumption of Alcohol in women.


If you notice a little bump or lump in your breast while you are performing auto-examination, in the breast, in the armpit; if the shape changes, increases size, there is swelling, redness and increase of the temperature in the area and it do not disappear, there is pain, the nipple is retracted, secretion, itchiness, wound, or the area of the nipple is dry, you have to visit your doctor to perform the tests. It is important to emphasize that many women do not have any symptoms.

The diagnosis can be given right after performing a mammography. This test has to be done at least once per year when women reach the 45 years of age. For younger women is important to start taking care through the auto-exploration.

In the case, a mammography returns positive, the doctors will perform more test as MRI, which recently has been demonstrated that MRI do not show the cancer, or at least where is exactly spread: as well the test to indicate without a doubt the presence and malignancy of the cancer is called BIOBSY, procedure to remove a piece of tissue and analyze it. And the last one is called HER2 (Human Epidermal growth factor Receptor 2) and it will count the amount of proteins and cells in the tissue and will determinate if there is cancer developing or not.

Not all lumps and bumps are sign of cancer as can be fibrosis or other differential diagnosis.

The treatment for breast cancer can be different for any kind of cancer and the characteristics of the cancer.

1.- Surgery.- This is the first option for many cancers. The surgery will depend on the characteristics of the Cancer, can be a lumpectomy to remove partial mammary tissue or a mastectomy to remove the totality of the breast.

2.- Radiotherapy.- It is an elevate concentration of X-Rays to a defined point. Usually is administrate it right after the surgery to eliminate the malignant cells that could not be remove with the surgical intervention. Some of the effects to the X-rays are tiredness, changes of the skin color, loss of appetite and hair loss.

3.- Chemotherapy.- This therapy eliminates the cancer cells, depending the kind of chemotherapy families that are going to be used to treat the cancer:
- Alkilating agents: This ones have action in the DNA, avoiding the reproduction of cancer cells.
- Antimetabolites: Interfere with the growth of DNA.
-Anthracycline antibiotic: This ones act in the DNA as well but stopping the action of the enzymes responsible of mitosis (reproductive cycle of the cells).

The effects of the Chemotherapy are nausea, short-term hair loss, tiredness and the possibilities of get sick increase.

I wish this information has been useful and do not forget to take care of yourself and if you are a man, remember that you can learn to help women around you.

Tuesday, July 20, 2010

Knee Osteoarthritis

What is Osteoarthritis?

This is an degenerative disease that affects the joints, in this case the knee. Osteoarthritis in the knee means that the knee joint has been "wore off" or overuse and the cartilage which receives the impact of the actions over the knee gets slowly away due to the constant friction between the femur cartilage and the union of the fibula-tibia bone, caused by overweight, excess in exercise, defect anatomy of the knee, but mostly because the soft tissue around the knee is not strong enough to hold the weight and stress over the knee when we walk or run, sit down, stand up.

Some doctors said there is not explanation why some people suffers of OA (Osteoarthritis), but what is it very important is try to keep in shape, lose weight in case you suffer of overweight, and keep exercise to build strength in the knee joint. Swimming is the best exercise because you can avoid the stress in the knee, as you could experience while you jog or run. Yoga is a great alternative.

In case of pain the best is apply hot compresses around the knee and if the pain keeps you might take Tylenol to control the pain.

As the pain might come and go, depending of the activities you do, keep in mind that there is not cure for osteoarthritis, you just have to control it and keep a more active life that keeps your body strong and prolong the effects of OA in your joints.

Also a good alternative is to incorporate to your diet the supplements of Glucosamine Nitrate that will help you to stop the deterioration of the cartilage in your joints as shoulders, Spine, Knees and ankles.

Monday, July 19, 2010

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is the name of one kind of bacteria scientifically known as Chlamydia trachomatis, that produces the Chlamydia infection considered a Sexual Transmitted Disease (STD). This bacteria affects millions of people in the world, mostly teenagers and people who are starting sexual activity without the use of condom.

Chlamydia is transmitted from human to human during the unprotected intercourse with sexual partners practicing vaginal, anal or oral sex and from the mother to the child while pregnancy.

This infection causes a large number of infections in women as men. In men the symptoms are clear cause an unusual discharge called urethritis causing sometimes pain while urination called dysuria. In women the disease can be silent, but can find allowance in the cervix and produce cervicitis, cause sometimes discharge and some pain that can be confused with cramps. The biggest issue here is that women can not show symptoms which can lead in complications as Pelvic Inflammatory Disease and with that Infertility.

In babies, chlamydia can cause blindness and this disease leads as the biggest cause of Childbirth blindness.

It is very important that if you have sexual intercourse with somebody who is infected, because that person notified you or because you are having clear symptoms are unusual discharge or pain while urinating (in case of male) you should let your partner know and visit your doctor so he can prescribe antibiotics.

The medication to kill this bacteria is sold under prescription. The treatment for this infection is based in one pill, one only dosage called Azithromycin (1g), or different antibiotics for adverse reactions to this antibiotic.

Do not be afraid to see your doctor, it is better to have a little bit of shame that a lot of pain for terrible complications that this disease can cause.

Tuesday, May 4, 2010

YEAST DISCHARGE

YEAST is an unicellular fungus that lives in our bodies all over the skin and the tissues.At the same time we have another kind of bacterias known as allies or Good bacteria called Lactobacilli. When for some reason, sometimes explainable and other times not explainable...when the balance of this two groups of bacterias-fungus is not even  due to external agents as the intake of Antibiotics ( medication to destroy the bacterias related to infection in the body as part of a prophylactic treatment), stress, diseases as HIV or Diabetes and the hormonal level fluctuations in women, the woman will start with the overgrowth of the yeast infection over the lactobacillis inside the vaginal channel. As first and unequivocally symptom shows as, a creamy-cheese factory everyday,  a white-cottage cheesy discharge and in companion of  the always non-welcome experiences of  itchiness, burning, paper cuts all over the vaginal tissue, labia and vulva.

Many women are suffering of yeast discharge which is very difficult to control due to "diet", keep the intercourse with a partner who is already  contaged (meaning you had sex with you husband, friend, boyfriend and he got the yeast too),  lack of the immune system DUE TO HIV,  stress, the use of perfumed soaps, infected underwear, tight pants that created the perfect habitat for this fungus to grow and grow!

Solutions: The best thing to do is change, eradicate  all the bad habits... starting with the underwear,  boiling them in hot water, wash them and dry them on machine; avoiding tight clothes close to the vagina, using cotton underwear and avoiding the use of soap while you have the yeast infection or at least a neutral soap ph 7-8;  for first time affected woman, they can try the set of clotrimazol or miconazol creams with intra-vaginal pills for at least 7 days, they are the only ones that can help, the short-term pills for 1 day or 3 days just keep the infection coming back.

 For those who have recurrent infections, they can try the cream to help the symptoms and take Fluconazol pill orally, it is just one pill sell now over the counter, using the pill with their partner,  because if the woman is the one who gets treated and the partner got the yeast from previous intercouse, the infection will be transmitted again and again.

In case the one pill treatment does not work and the person gets the infection once more, the woman can  increase the treatment using 2 dosis of the Fluconazol pill, as follow: one at day 1 and the next dosage at day 3.

If this still does  not help the woman have see Ginecologist because it can be related to another bigger problem, as herpes simplex or Human Papilloma Virus .

If after the treatment the woman gets rid off the yeast infection, it is very important to start farming the vagina using Probiotic Yogur so the good bacteria can start growing again inside the vagina and keep the balance of the good bacteria and the yeast.

I hope this advice can help you to have a control of  the yeast infection which is very difficult and problematic for women.

 Click Here! to learn about an alternative treatment for the yeast infection. Give a try to the website to see if it fits your expectations. Good Luck!

GONORRHEA- Infectious Disease

One of the most common diseases easy to catch of course are the STD ( Sexual Transmitted Diseases) and those ones are so easy to get because as we live in a society were we start our sexual activities at a short age and without having proper knowledge about the disease than are easy to spread, usually many people do not protect or even thoug they do, most of the times they do not do it properly and they live on risk to get any of those diseases. The fist disease I am going to talk about it is called Gonorrhea. 

This disease is cause by the Neisseria Gonorrhea Bacteria, and it can be spread with the touch of any part of our body from an infected body, so kisses, oral sex, anal, sex, regular sex all kinda of contact. The symptoms are noticeable most of the time in woman, because the anatomy of the vagina and all the  reproductive system. 

The first symptoms are discharge which can have any color, mostly smelly and can change from white to yellowish, to brownish as the time passes and the bacterias spread all over the place in the vagina and uterus. it can cause abdominal pain and fewer in later stages. In men causes pain when urinate and pus discharge as well it cannot be noticeable at all and keep spreading around when the man do not take care of his sexuality. What are the complications of this disease? In women the worst.. Pelvic inflammation disease which leads infertility or death when it gets really complicated in the way as peritonitis (infection in the abdomen) and sepsis or a reaction of the whole body for infection and as a consecuences the organs just stop playing and the person dies.

 In men, can cause infertility and problems in the testicles and urethra.

In pregnant women the disease can lead blindness, joint infection, or a life-threatening blood infection in the baby. plus the damage in her own body.

 Solution: Go to see your family doctor and he/she will test you to find out if you got the bacteria. The doctor will take a sample to send to the lab test. The results can be done up to one week.

 He/she will prescribe antibiotics such as Amoxicilin (2g) and probenecid (1g) orally; or Ampicilin 2-3g plus probenecid 1g orally; or Azitromicin 2g orally; or Cefixime 400 mg; or Cefotaxime 500mg by injection; Cefoxitin 2g  intramuscular, plus probenecid 1g orally; Cefpodoxime 400 mg orally; or Cefriaxone 125-250 mg injection; Ciprofloxacin 500 mg oral; Levofloxacin 250 mg oral; or Ofloxacin 400 mg; Spectinomycin 2g injection. In US and Canada these medication is regulated so it is extremely important you go and see your physician first and get the prescription. 

Remember do not be scared of your health our body is our temple, so responsibly take care  of it. 

WELCOME EVERYONE!

Thank you for checking my blog. The idea of this corner is to  understand and take advise from everyone who wants to share their experiences about any kind of disease that someone had experienced in their life. In fact everyone has been touched for any kinda of health issue in some point or their life, so come here and share experiences and give the best advise to those who have questions before to go and see a Doctor. Thanks again and keep in touch.